The Free essays given on our site were donated by anonymous users and should not be viewed as samples of our custom writing service. You are welcome to use them to inspire yourself for writing your own term paper. If you need a custom term paper related to the subject of Euthanasia or Euthanaisa , you can hire a professional writer here in just a few clicks.
Euthanasia Euthanasia is, according to Webster dictionary, the act of killing an individual for the reason of mercy. This paper will examen the issue of active and passive euthanasia. Active euthanasia is an intervention that would cause death to take place when it would not otherwise happen. Passive euthanasia is the decision to withold help from an individual, ultimately leading to the death of the individual. This paper is supposed to deal with the circumstances, if any, that euthanasia, active or passive, would be morally permissible. Before I build the wall of moral delineation between these two scenarios, consider that they are but two possible choices on a broad continuum of options about death. I would suggest that there are three "hard points" on this continuum; 1. Do not allow death if at all possible 2. Do not interfere with death 3. Death is a choice Under this logic, #1 & #3 define the continuum limits and #2 the center point. I would argue that both active and passive are between #2 and #3. Active is clearly close to #3 while passive still advocates interference with the natural process of death. Passive euthanasia is a choice to allow death when you have the option to prevent it, even in the face of the wishes of the sufferer means that you are exercising a choice about death. So maybe there are really only two hard points to the continuum; #1 and #3? Indeed, even the deciding when to exercise #1 means that you are at #3! The circumstances in which euthanasia would be morally permissible must therefore be drawn upon #3 of the continuum. The #3 says that death is a choice and that both passive and active euthanasia are choices of death. Death being a choice indicates that a decision must be made. The decision therefore lies in the hands of the patient, because he has a natural right to his life and his body. This right to life is "self-evident" and universal. The problem with this argument becomes evident when the patient is not able to present a desicision, whether he is unconscious or has other inabilities of communication or thought processes. Who then, if anybody, should make the decision between intervention preventing death or intervention causing death? Consent then, is the issue that I will base the moral permissibility of euthanasia on. Should euthanasia be morally okay with consent, without consent, both, or neither? First I will argue that euthanasia is morally permissible. Through the continuum, I have concluded that death is a choice. Accepting this viewpoint, you accept that someone should be able to decide to die. Accepting this, then you justify suicide. This argument is not based upon suffering because I have drawn no definition to the acceptable limit of suffering. If suicide is okay, then why not assisted suicide? Remember that just standing idle when you could prevent death is a decision to allow suicide. Arranging an injection with a push button so all the patient has to do is push a button to die would be considered suicide, which is morally acceptable. This would mean that it is acceptable for an individual to die if they were physically capable of doing it themselves. What logic would you deny the same right to those who were mentally competant but physically incapable? A person who is physically incapable of killing themselves must be killed by another if they choose to die. If a person has a right to die and cannot physically kill themselves, than euthanasia is the only way they could excersise their choice to death. If a person wants to die because they are in a unfavorable condition, whether the choice to die is implied by the patient at the present, or by instructions previously given, they have a right to chose to die and their choice should be honored. Therefore I believe that euthanasia with consent in one way or another is morally permissible in most circumstances. The moral permissibility of euthanasia without consent now must be considered. Everybody has a right to chose to die if they want to. Who is to chose whether a person should die or not when the person cannot make the decision on their own, and their was no previous decision made? If no decision was previously made, and no consent can be given at the present time, than can a decision be made on the life or death of another? Unless we are willing to prevent death with every means available for every individual, we choose to exercise choice over death. The reasons we make those choices are varied and often ones we are not willing to face. Killing to end the pain and suffering of the one being killed could be one of the most noble choices we could make. I believe that in cases where no consent can be given, a decision must be made to intervene to prevent death or to intervene and cause death. The decision making itself is moral because death is a choice. The person or people who make the decision will vary with each circumstance. I believe that if the person is in experiencing pain and suffering, then the euthanasia would be morally permissible, even when no consent can be given. To sum up my argument thus far, I have come to the conlusion that euthanasia with consent, and euthanasia without consent in most circumstanes would be morally permissible. I have developed a supposed continuum, where I have come to the conclusion that death is a choice. Passive and active euthanasia are both decisions leading to death, and therefore are both morally permissible because they excersise death as a choice. A choice must be made to intervene to prevent death and to intervene to cause death. This choice may be based on consent of an individual, or in cases where no consent can be given, the condition of the individual. An opposition to my argument would be that death is not a choice, and everything must be done to prevent de

Our inspirational collection of essays and research papers is available for free to our registered users

Related Essays on Euthanasia

Euthanasia

The medical profession has recently been caught in the middle of the social controversies that rage over euthanasia. Government and religious groups, as well as the medical profession itself have si...

read more
Regulation And Reform Of Euthanasia

Regulation and Reform of Euthanasia Throughout the twentieth century, major scientific and medical advances have greatly enhanced the life expectancy of the average person. However, there a...

read more
Euthanasia 11

In this literary work by James Rachels, the author is fighting to make his opinion believed, rather than give an unbiased article. He is arguing about the differences between active and passive eut...

read more
Ethnobotany

An Available Option Try to imagine yourself or someone you hold close to you being very sick, so sick that just being alive each day gives more pain and suffering than the previous day. Not ...

read more
Euthanasia

Essay #1 When discussing the issue of euthanasia, one could make many arguments for either side of the issue. Euthanasia can be defined by the book as "mercy killing" (31). There is a lo...

read more
Euthanasia

Death with dignity is to die with grace, in the knowledge that you are loved. (Mother Teresa) Dying with dignity has many interpretations. Some people think that dying with dignity is preventing o...

read more