The Free essays given on our site were donated by anonymous users and should not be viewed as samples of our custom writing service. You are welcome to use them to inspire yourself for writing your own term paper. If you need a custom term paper related to the subject of Medicine or Bipolar Disorder, you can hire a professional writer here in just a few clicks.

Bipolar disorder was called as “manic depression” due to the extreme changes an individual shows in terms of physical and emotional behavior. This disorder is a certain mental health condition wherein the victim suffers from severe changes in emotions commonly called as “mood swings” from depression to hypomania – the condition of being severely elated. Depression and Hypomania characterizes this mental disorder most of the time because these are the most common moods one experiences which means that a person suffering from this disorder may feel extreme euphoria for one second, then severely depressed the next. The mood shifts are referred to as “manic episodes” or simply “episodes” and this condition is more likely to be lifelong, however, medications and psychotherapies.

Signs and Symptoms

Aside from experiencing the shifting from one extreme mood to another, victims of this disorder may also go through disorientation, changing sleep patterns, and changing energy levels. Other symptoms, although rarer, include:

  • Unusual verbosity
  • Thought process disorientation
  • Being distracted
  • Weak decision-making and reasoning skills
  • Agitation
  • Excessive confidence
  • Tends to engage to risky things
  • Anxiety

Note that these symptoms are categorized between two categories – the hypomanic and depressive episodes:



  1. Elation
  2. Energetic
  3. Jumpy
  4. Restless
  5. Unusually physically active
  6. Talks fast
  7. Irritable
  8. Multi-tasks without finishing one activity
  1. Empty
  2. Worried
  3. Tired
  4. Slow
  5. Eats too much or does not eat at all
  6. Forgetful
  7. Suicidal thoughts
  8. Low energy

Types of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder has three known types, and the other categorization is for those that match the symptoms, but not any of the specific descriptions for the other three types.

  • Bipolar I Disorder
    Can be a combination of both manic and depressive episodes or just one more than the other that last for at least seven days; it can also focus on the depressive symptoms that can last up to two weeks rendering the person to require immediate hospital care or intervention (for dehydration caused by hunger or lack of sleep)
  • Bipolar II Disorder
    Patterned or triggered depressive and hypomanic episodes, but usually last for shorter duration
  • Cyclothymic Disorder or Cyclothymia
    Described by long-term (can be up to two years) periods of numerous hypomanic and/or depressive episodes which may be less severe than actual depression
  • Others
    Symptoms are influenced by other complications – disease or other medical conditions, and/or drugs or other substances

It is important to remember, however, that being diagnosed with Bipolar II Disorder does not mean that the condition is milder than Bipolar I Disorder because severe depression or euphoria can cause serious impairment to the patient. Bipolar disorder is more prevalent to teenage years to mid-20s, and symptoms can vary from one patient to another, in fact it can even change over time considering the ever-changing culture across the world.

Risk Factors

This condition, like all the other medical conditions, has factors that can greatly increase the risk of an individual acquiring any type of the bipolar disorder.

  • Genetics
    Individuals who have a first-degree relative suffering from bipolar disorder may get the condition through genetic passing, however, this theory is still a little rocky since even in the case of identical twins having the same exact genes, one may acquire the condition while the other does not.
  • Brain Structure
     There are studies that show that those suffering from bipolar disorder have a different brain structure from those who are not. These differences are leading the researchers to determine the possible cure for bipolar disorder.
  • Substance Abuse
    Drugs and alcohol abuse can cause serious impairment to any person, and this includes impairment to the person’s mental condition and possible changes to the individual’s brain structure and functioning, consequently various mental cond

Our inspirational collection of essays and research papers is available for free to our registered users. For quick help, hire our essay writer to get a custom essay

Related Essays on Medicine

Type 2 Diabetes

Today, about 16 million Americans are afflicted with diabetes, and most of those are type 2 (non-insulin dependent) cases. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in people of any age who are obese and inac...

read more
Has General Electric Conquered The Business Cycle

Has General Electric conquered the business cycle? According to the companies past three financial statements it appeared as if they have indeed done so. Looking at GE's 1996 Annual Report, Letter ...

read more

For my second literature review I chose to do nightmares. I found this topic very interesting. I learned something s I didn t know before. Mostly everyone has a nightmare some time in their life....

read more
Treatments Of Bipolar Disorder

Treatments of Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is characterized by both manic and depressive episodes. A manic episode is a period in which a person s mood is elevated, expansive, or irritable to...

read more
Epilepsy Oral

Epilepsy is a neurological condition, which is characterized by repeated convulsions or seizures. There is no known cure to this condition however it is treatable through medical therapy or through ...

read more

Epilepsy - The Silent Stalker By Steven Voskanian What is Epilepsy? Epilepsy, also called seizure disorder, chronic brain disorder that briefly interrupts the normal electrical activity of...

read more
Epilepsy Decision

Epilepsy is a very common disorder and the international researches and surveys shows that 1 adult from 200 people suffers by epilepsy. There are several forms of epilepsy and every form causes anot...

read more
Vaccine Could Protect Against Stroke And Epilepsy

Vaccine Could Protect Against Stroke And Epilepsy Damage February 25, 2000 A new oral vaccine has offered new hope because of its effectiveness in protecting laboratory rats against brain...

read more

Epilepsy In this report I plan to give a general overview of what epilepsy is. I will try to give examples and types of seizures, treatments, and in general some insight into t...

read more