Julius Caesar news article

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Caesar has Ceased Yesterday a tragedy occurred. The great ruler Julius Caesar is dead. It was said that the Senate, led by Brutus and Cassius stabbed Caesar to death upon his entrance into the Senate. They acted upon this according to the Roman Law which says "Anyone who plotted to become king could be killed without trial." The Senate claimed that this was their reason for their actions. Caesar was born into an aristocratic family in 100. Later on in his life, he became allies with Pompey(a general) and Crassus(a dictator). In 59, he was elected consul. Caesar and his two allies ruled as a triumvirate. Also in 59, Caesar conquered the Celts and brought them under Roman rule. He also fought the Germanic tribes and invaded Britain twice. The lower classes looked at him as a hero and senators saw him as a political threat. In 50, the triumvirate fell apart because Crassus was killed in a battle in Asia and Pompey became a rival. Then, in 49, by Pompey and Senate's orders, Julius Caesar was ordered to give up the army and return to Rome. He refused to give in to his enemies and assembled 5,000 loyal troops and led them across the Rubicon. Rubicon is a stream that divided military provinces from Roman Italy. By not listening to Senate, Caesar knew a war was going to happen. Caesar triumphed over all of Italy and forced out Pompey and his Allies. The war continued to move eastward. The war ended in 48, when Caesar's troops beat Pompey in Pharsalus, Greece. He then took absolute power over the government. He granted Roman citizenship to people outside Italy provinces, created social reforms to benefit the poor, and provided jobs for the unemployed. Public works programs were set up and slave owners were ordered to hire free laborers. Colonies were formed to provide land for the poor. Caesar invented a new calendar which was named in honor of him. It was called Julian in western Europe. Caesar had made many Roman laws while he was dictator. One of which read: "Anyone who plotted to become king could be killed without trial". A group of senators, led by Brutus and Cassius acted upon this law. They stabbed Caesar to death while entering the Senate. After his death, 18 year old Octavian joined with Marc Antony and Marcus Lepidus to form a second triumvirate. They defeated Caesar's assassins in 42. They then divided the Roman empire between the three of them. Octavian took Italy and the west, Antony took Greece and the east, and Lepidus took North Africa. Octavian

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