The Free essays given on our site were donated by anonymous users and should not be viewed as samples of our custom writing service. You are welcome to use them to inspire yourself for writing your own term paper. If you need a custom term paper related to the subject of History: Ancient or Augustus Caesar, you can hire a professional writer here in just a few clicks.
Augustus Caesar Augustus Caesar was born Gaius Octavius on September 23, 63 BC His mother, Atia, was the niece of Julius Caesar; her mother was Caesar's sister. Octavian's family was an old and wealthy one from the small town of Velitrae. Octavian's father died when he was four years old and he was adopted by his great uncle Julius Caesar. At the age of 16 Octavius traveled to Spain with Julius in his campaign against Pompey the great. During the journey Octavian suffered many hardships including illness and a ship wreak that he narrowly escaped, his initiative impressed Caesar. In 44B.C Octavian learned that Julius Caesar was murdered as part of a political conspiracy. Octavian returned to Rome to discover that Caesar left him the bulk of his estate in his will. Soon after this inheritance Octavian took the name of Gaius Julius Caesar and at the age of 18 took control of Rome. When Octavian returned to Rome his two main goals were to claim his inheritance and to revenge Julius Caesar's death. To do so he tried to create an alliance with his rival Marc Antony. Antony took a harsh attitude to Octavian because of his age and even tried to block his inheritance from Caesar. As a result, Octavian went to the senate and used their forces to defeat Antony at the battle of Mutina. At the end of the battle in 43B.C Octavian learned that the senate planned to use him to remove Antony and then discard himself. To stop this Octavian met with Antony and Aemilius Lepidus to form the second Triumvirate of Rome. This deal was sealed with marriage, Octavian wed the daughter of Antony's wife and later Antony married Octavian's sister. The triumvirs quickly had themselves voted unlimited powers and began to eradicate their opposition, especially those related with the murder of Julius Caesar. Hundreds of Roman's were killed during this process. After that Octavian and Antony confronted Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus, the leaders of the conspiracy against Caesar. At the battles of Phillipi in Greece the last of their forces were destroyed and Brutus and Cassius were killed. Octavian and Antony divided Rome between them after there victory, Octavian took the west and Antony took the east. Lepidus was pushed aside and eventually ended his life under house arrest. The relationship between Antony and Octavian steadily fell apart. It was patched up by Antony's marriage to Octavian's sister, and in 36B.C the two cooperated to defeat Sextus Pompeius (the son of Pompey) in Sicily. This temporary end to hostilities led to an inevitable conflict. In the east Antony formed a close relationship with Cleopatra, Queen of the Egyptians. Antony gave her Roman territories that used to belong to Egypt, and showed signs that he was trying to form an independent monarchy in Asia. Octavian found out about this and in 32B.C Rome declared war on Antony and Cleopatra. Octavian gathered a fleet and an army and moved east. The Roman forces defeated Antony and Cleopatra at the naval battle of Actium on September 2, 31B.C. The two lovers escaped to Egypt and later committed suicide when surrounded by Octavian's forces. He then annexed Egypt as a Roman province. Octavian than became the sole ruler of Rome and gave the appearance of a restored Roman republic. However Octavian realized that a fully restored republic would lead to a bloody civil war so he proclaimed himself princep of Rome which was along the same lines as a consul. In 12A.D Octavian was granted the title of Augustus from the senate, at first he refused but then later accepted. As ruler Augustus'

Our inspirational collection of essays and research papers is available for free to our registered users

Related Essays on History: Ancient

Lenin

Lenin's political finesse, his understanding of the strength of the peasantry and his rewriting of the communist thought are the characteristics which made Lenin one of the greatest leaders of...

read more
India and Egypt in 560BC

In 560 BC the world saw two great civilizations, India and Egypt, developing at a striking pace and contributing a lot to the future development of mankind. The politics, religion, and achievements pl...

read more
The fall of the ancient roman republic

For men who had easily endured hardship, danger and difficult uncertainty, leisure and riches, though in some ways desirable, proved burdensome and a source of grief. Sallust The causes for t...

read more
The Hanging Gardens Of Babylon

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are one of the most controversial wonders of the world, simply because their existence can not be proved or denied. Many early historians talked about the Gardens, ma...

read more
Akhenaton's Hymn to the Aton

 During the New Kingdom of Egypt, from 1552 through 1069 BC, there came a sweeping change in the religious structure of the ancient Egyptian civilization. The Hymn to the Aton was...

read more
The Effects of the Reforms of Constantin

Constantine I was perhaps most well known for being the first Christian emperor of the Roman Empire. His instigation of the conversion of the entire Roman Empire from paganism to Christianit...

read more