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Definition: Federalism, with its division of power and its democracy, is a better system of government than that of communism. Within a federal government exists a central government, which is split up into smaller divisions in order to keep all the ruling power spread out and not concentrated in one place. Communism, on the other hand, attempts to completely get rid of the government and create a society where everyone is equal and power is split up among the masses. Both systems share this common idea, however when communism is put into practice, it does not succeed. It, instead, ends up turning more into another form of government. It is because of this failure in communism to achieve a stable government that Federalism is more effective. Apply: Federalism is a form of government in which a national government and smaller subdivisions of this are in charge. In the United States, there is the central government accompanied by the 50 state governments. The national government deals with issues that affect the entire nation. Everything else is left up to the individual state governments. These governments know their states well and can set up laws to better suit the people within them. It is for this reason that Federalism works much better in a large nation. In a large nation, there are bound to be diverse needs which can be met by the state government. This subdivision of government also leaves the national government to deal with much broader topics that involve the whole nation, without having to concentrate on these individual needs. The political system that Federalism is based on democracy. A democracy is a government run by the people, in which either people themselves make the laws and enforce them as a governmental body, called a direct democracy, or they elect representatives to express the views of the people, known as a representative democracy. There are two types of representative democracy, presidential and parliamentary. The social system of Federalism under this democracy is summed up fairly well by Carl Becker, a distinguished political historian. Becker said that the basic beliefs surrounding a democracy are within the creativity and individuality of the people. Because of this freedom of individuality, political parties have come about, in which people with the same political views can join together and support each other, two examples being the Republican and Democratic parties in the US. Aside from letting individuals speak out, democracies see all humans as equals and government will only exist if these people agree that it is working well. Although democracies have not been common in history, the ones that did exist succeeded in governing their people well, such as the one in the United States today. The economy that works best with Federalism is capitalism. This economy began with the theory of laissez faire, or a hands off economy. What this means is that once the economy starts rolling, the government does not rule over it. It is left alone to change and govern itself. This economy is based on competition between the citizens of the nation, called free enterprise. People want to earn as much money as they can, but in order to do this they need to work hard to compete with everyone else who have the same motives. Prices fluctuate based on supply and demand. The government does not set a specific price for any goods or services. A perfect form of capitalism has never been accomplished, but the modern day United States is very close. Under Federalism, the military is not mandatory. People can join if they want to, but do not have to, unless the country is at war and they are drafted. A military seems to grow particularly well in a Federalist society. Currently, the Federalist military of the United States is the largest in the world. Military is also not idealized, meaning it is not the most important part of Federalism. In the US, the president is also the head of the military, showing that government comes before the army. Communism is another form of government, in which after the social system and economy are working by themselves, the government slips away, leaving the people to be self-ruling and equal. Throughout history, many different people have come up with this idea of a utopian society, in one form or another. Plato s Republic was based upon the idea of utopia. Communism began as a direct response to early problems with capitalism. This idea was best explained in the book Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. In this book, Marx and Engels point out that every social system before their time that had class divisions also had many class conflicts within it. The lower class was never happy with how the upper class governed them, and they always wanted to move up in society. It is because of this that the social structure of communism is that of total equality. Anyone that holds an important office or rank must belong to the Communist Party. The government, before it is tossed aside, makes sure that no one is better off than anyone else. They do this through regulating the economy, military, and their own ruling power. Communist government is a very complex form of government. It begins by taking control of all economic and political activity. It gets everything moving along at a steady pace, making sure that no one is gaining too much wealth or that anyone is being lost in it all. People work to the best of their abilities and get paid only according to what they need. Even the people who fight in the military are not of any higher rank than anyone else, no matter how powerful they think they are. Once all of these aspects are running smoothly, the government and the Communist Party fade away, leaving everything how it is, and only slightly looking after everything. This of course, is only in theory. When put into actual practice, this concept of a utopian society has never worked. The Soviet Union called itself Communist, however the government was still more powerful than anyone and the military was a first-rate one. The only form of economy that exists under a Communist government is a Communist economy. Within this economy, everyone owns all means of manufacturing and production. No one owns their own private land. People do not have to pay rent or interest, nor do they profit or get wages. They work to the best of their abilities and get paid for whatever they need. Prices are set by the amounts of work that are needed to make that product. Not only has a Communist government never been fully established, but neither has a Communist economy. Private property and free enterprise existed in the Soviet Union, even though it called itself a Communist society. China, too, has ventured more toward a capitalistic economy, and less toward Marx and Engel s vision of economy. Analysis: Federalism and communism are both forms of government, however almost every aspect within them are different. The way that the government rules over its people is completely opposite from one to the other. The economies of both systems are based on two totally different economic systems. Despite these differences, some parts of the social systems and military are similar. Overall, the main difference between Federalism and communism is that they are totally different governments in theory, but in practice communism ends up having some Federalistic and some fascist aspects, and losing many of its Communistic ones. The style of government that Federalism uses is a democracy. This is where the people control the government and have total say over it. A democracy is run for the people also. It listens to what they want to have done. In communism, the government takes control of all happenings in the Communists lives. They control how much money the people make, what the people need and do not need, and they control all the politics. They do not give a say to their people. Once they have established this, the Communist government disappears. This is exceptionally different from Federalism in that Federalism has a government while communism s government leaves when the time is right. The way in which the governments of Federalism and communism are set up is also very different. The Federalist government consists of a central government, which runs the nation as a whole, with subdivisions of this government, which run the individual states or provinces. Communism however, has a central government which rules alongside of the Communist Party. These two groups head a Communist society. Social status of Federalism and in the theory of communis

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