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In 1753, Carl von Linne, more commonly known as Linnaeus, gave the scientific name to the cacao tree. As a chocolate lover, Linnaeus named the cacao tree Theobroma cacao; the first part he took from the Greek meaning "food of the gods." As a chocolate lover myself, I chose Theobroma cacao as my topic to explore the sociocultural history of the flavorful product made from the cacao bean, chocolate. The word "chocolate" is said to derive from the Mayan "xocoatl" and cacao from the Aztec "

Jades in Chinese Culture and Religion My hypothesis is that jades held some kind of religious significance to the Hongshan people. A jade is a strongly colored stone that can be polished to a shine. As many people may know, jades are abundant in Chinese culture. Ancient Chinese considered jades to be sacred material. It is said that jades reflect the cosmological and religious views of the people of ancient China. The manufacture of jades can be traced back 12,000 years thanks to a discover

Click Here For Research Papers Online! Charles Darwin and the Development and impact of the Theory of Evolution by Natural and Sexual Selection Introduction It is commonly thought today that the theory of evolution originated from Darwin in the nineteenth century. However, the idea that species mutate over time has been around for a long time in one form or another. Therefore, by Darwin's time the idea that species change from one type into another was by no means new, but

The article OBuilding a Better HumanO in USA TodayOs June 1990 issue discusses the trend in medicine towards mechanical implants. This is only one of the many ways in which humans have used culture to overcome biological insufficiencies. The article is very brief and superficial; it raises many questions and offers few answers. Two phrases used in the article that are of particular interest are Ocreate speciesO and Ogo beyond our inherited biologyO. Both of these statements contai

When Charles Darwin released his findings on Natural Selection in 1858, he did not do so in a vacuum. Many factors contributed to the formulation of his theories, and many popular misconceptions contradicted his conclusions to the point that he was reluctant to publish them for sixteen years. Despite widely held opposing doctrine, the intellectual environment of the day was already receptive for DarwinOs ideas. Although considered radical at the time, these ideas can be seen in retrospect as

About one million years ago, Homo erectus populations began migrating out of East Africa. They soon spread into South and West Africa, Asia and Europe. This adaptive radiation was the result of several biological and cultural factors. H. erectus was physically larger than earlier hominids. This probably allowed them to fun faster and further than their ancestors and could have given them an advantage in hunting and escaping. It may also have increased their food gathering abilities by expan

The Aztec Nation A distant sound is heard. It sounds like a deep drum being hit with a heavy instrument. You hear it again and strain your eyes in the direction of the sound. All around you is dense jungle. Snakes slither between your legs. You hear the sound once again. In front of you is a dense stand of ferns. You part them and look down into a wide open valley. The valley gets so wide and it is so green that it takes your breath away. But that is not what you are looking at. Yo

This essay will be a report on my phylogeny of the australopithecus. It will be base on data gained from the analysis of the dental morphology of the austraopithecus's, the structure of the head, the dates and brain size which correspond to the each australopithecine all in relation to the chimpanzee and the modern human. The phylogeny I will be supporting is as follows; 4m.y.a 3m.y.a 2m.y.a.

Joshua T Hermsmeyer T TH 2-3:30 Essay 1 Evolutionism vs. Creationism The theory of evolution and the belief in a Creator have long been considered separate and mutually exclusive realms of human thought . Strict interpretations by scientists of Darwin's theory of species adaptation through natural selection must inherently run contrary to equally strict interpretations of Genesis I. This is true because of the profound discrepancies that exist between the two explanations of human ori

The Evolution of Man Ben Bader Humans have existed on the Earth for approximately 3.4 million years. At least, that's from when the oldest human ancestors have been found. The oldest known human is the fossil "Lucy," an Australopithecus, discovered by Donald Johnson and M. Taieb. Australopithecines looked more like primates than modern-day Homo Sapiens; they walked semi-upright, they had low, sloping foreheads, protruding jaws, almost no facial expressions, thick body hair, and were about