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The Atlantic Ocean, second largest of the world's oceans, occupies an elongated, S-shaped basin extending in a north-south direction and is divided into the North Atlantic and South Atlantic by EQUATORIAL COUNTERCURRENTS at about 8 deg north latitude. Bounded by North and South America on the west and Europe and Africa on the east, the Atlantic is linked to the Pacific Ocean by the Arctic Ocean on the north and the Drake Passage on the south. An artificial connection between the Atlantic

The Pacific Ocean, the world's largest water body, occupies a third of the Earth's surface. Extending approximately 15,500 km (9,600 mi) from the BERING SEA in the Arctic north to the icy margins of Antarctica's Ross Sea in the south, the Pacific reaches its greatest width at about 5 deg north latitude, where it stretches approximately 19,800 km (12,300 mi) from Indonesia to the coast of Colombia. The western limit of the ocean is often placed at the Strait of Malacca. The Pacific

Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third largest body of water in the world, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by southern Asia; on the west by the Arabian Peninsula and Africa; on the east by the Malay Peninsula, the Sunda Islands, and Australia; and on the south by Antarctica. It is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by the 20 deg east meridian south of Africa, and from the Pacific by the 147 deg east meridian. The northernmost extent of th

Arctic Ocean The Arctic Ocean, located entirely in the North Pole region, is the smallest of the world's oceans. It occupies a roughly circular basin and covers an area of about 14,090,000 sq km (5,440,000 sq mi). Nearly landlocked, the ocean is surrounded by the land masses of Europe, Asia, North America, and Greenland and a number of islands, as well as by the BARENTS, BEAUFORT, CHUKCHI, KARA, LAPTEV, East Siberian, Lincoln, Wandel, Greenland, and Norwegian seas. It is connected to

Future Of The Greenhouse Effect Eddie Ferguson In my research of the future of the greenhouse effect, I have found out that the outlook of the earth is pretty bad. Every year every country in the world puts out more and more toxins into the air. The major toxins that are put into the air are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons. These toxins are put

The Biggest Environmental Problem The environmental problem that must be considered as the biggest, is the Global Warming. Temperature is slowly increasing all over the world. To understand this better it is also important to explain the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect in a summary: Sunlight radiates from the sun, through space, to earth's atmosphere. The sunlight enters the atmosphere and hits the earth. Some of it turns to heat energy in the form of infrared light. The heat abs

For acid rain to form, several different chemicals must be released into the air. The primary pollutants (sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, and hydrocarbons) react with sunlight to create ozone. This produces sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and nitric acid (HNO3.) These acids are stored in clouds, and when it rains, you have acid rain. Another way acid rain can be formed is by the burning of Fossil Fuels. Fossil Fuels are coal and oil from decomposed trees and plant material from thousands of years ag

Chapter One INTRODUCTION The Great Barrier Reef is one of the most diverse ecosystems in the world. It is home to a plethora of wildlife that includes 400 different species of coral, 1500 species of fish, 4000 species of mollusk and 240 species of bird, all of these serve to enrich this ecosystem as well as to attract millions of people to the reef every year. The Great Barrier Reef is not simply one reef but a system of smaller ones tightly packed together that stretch for 1200 km fr

Every night as The Late show comes on, you hear David Letterman blame everything from the sweltering New York weather, to the free lance prostitutes that roam the area of Times Square, on some weather phenomena called El Nino - which is sometimes referred to as everything but the scientifically correct name. Night after night, the news reporters on television are speaking of this devastating force that is casing irregular weather patterns not only in the United States, but all over the world. I

Tropical Rain Forests There are many different ecosystems on this planet. They include tundras, prairies, deserts, grasslands, forests, alpine environments, ect. One of the most important and extraordinary ecosystems is the tropical rain forests. A tropical rain forest is a woodland that usually is in the tropical zone. It receives heavy annual rainfall, usually at least 100 inches. It is marked by broad-leaved evergreen trees forming a continuous canopy. The rain