History: Ancient

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For men who had easily endured hardship, danger and difficult uncertainty, leisure and riches, though in some ways desirable, proved burdensome and a source of grief. Sallust The causes for the breakdown of the early Roman Republic cannot be attributed to a single event, trend or individual, rather it was due to a combination of all three in varying degrees. The principal and fundamental cause was the breakdown of the political checks and balances, particularly the Cursus Honorum from 1

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are one of the most controversial wonders of the world, simply because their existence can not be proved or denied. Many early historians talked about the Gardens, many did not. They today would lay inside of the great nation of Iraq, so archeological research is rather difficult for obvious reasons, the site is said to be 50 miles south of present day Baghdad. Their existence will probably never be proven or denied. In fact, all we know about the Gardens

 During the New Kingdom of Egypt, from 1552 through 1069 BC, there came a sweeping change in the religious structure of the ancient Egyptian civilization. The Hymn to the Aton was created by Amenhotep IV, who ruled from 1369 to 1353 BC, and began a move toward a monotheist culture instead of the polytheist religion which Egypt had experienced for the many hundreds of years prior to the introduction of this new idea. There was much that was different from the old views in

Constantine I was perhaps most well known for being the first Christian emperor of the Roman Empire. His instigation of the conversion of the entire Roman Empire from paganism to Christianity also ensured him recognition in history. For all intents and purposes, Constantine was the single ruler of the Roman Empire from 324 to 337 AD. His reign was perhaps the most distinctive out of all of Rome's emperors, insofar as having an impact on the course of the future of Europe, and ultima

The Theogony was written by Hesiod toward the end of the eighth century BC, and it's purpose was to serve as a genealogy of the Olympians for the Greeks, as well as offer an explanation as to how the Olympians came to be their gods. The event of primary importance is the overthrow of the First order of gods, called the Titans as lead by Kronos, by his youngest son Zeus, who lead the Olympians. Zeus then delegated the power of the previous order of gods among the new order of gods,

Fable is defined as "a tale embodying a moral, using animals, people or inanimate objects as characters." In the case of The Iliad, as well as much of ancient Greek myth, poetry and other forms of literature, fable was used to embellish and expand on actual occurrences in Greek history. Fable offered the Greeks a way to explain much of what went on in their lives, as well as what had occurred in the past. Often heros and other characters that had actually existed in Greek history we

The Path to the Western Lands:Death Ritual and Beliefs in Ancient Egypt Most ancient and OprimitiveO societies seem to be possessed with what we would consider an unhealthy preoccupation with death. The greatest architectural achievements of ancient civilizations are either tombs, or temples; that some suggest began as tombs (Jaynes). To appreciate why this might be it is necessary to dismiss our social biases as much as we are able to. The ancients lived in a world where death came quickly

THE HINDU PERSPECTIVE Hinduism, believed to be one of the oldest religions existing today, is most-often described as a philosophy or a perspective. The Hindu perspective is often thought to have been brought to India by the Aryans in about 1500 B.C. The Aryans, along with their predecessors, the Dravidians, brought the ideas of worshipping gods and goddesses in the forms of dieties and many of the stories and myths that came with them. During the Vedic period, which

The Robbery of African Treasures After the abolition of the Slave Trade at the beginning of the nineteenth century British attention on the West African coast was turned towards 'legitimate trade' supplying trade goods in return for raw materials or semi processed commodities, in particular palm oil, a major lubricant for the industrial revolution. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, following the carve up of Africa into 'spheres of influence' by the European powers, the Britis

November 19, 1997 By Jordan Bruins Buddhism/Hinduism Comparison Report Hinduism is the oldest known religion and is very rich with literally hundreds of gods, symbolistic rituals and beliefs. It is believed to have been established around 1500 B.C. but no one person founded Hinduism as it evolved over a long period of time. Buddhism on the other hand has a definite founder, Siddhartha Gautama who is otherwi