History: European

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The scientific revolution, like most revolutions in man's way of looking at the world was rooted in the past. The scientific revolution manly took place in the seventeenth century, and it brought changes in humanity's view of itself, nature, and God. Newton had many ancestors. Greek philosophers were the first to develop science, and then they passed their scientific concepts on to their disciples, the Romans. Once scientific methods were known, not even the Middle Age's preference for relig

Georg Ramsauer lived in a small village called Hallstatt, in Austria. This village was located near a lake named Salzkammergut, which means "the place of good salt," also near the region's capitol, Salzburg, "the salt town." The salt from these mountains was used to preserve the food in most of Old Europe. Ramsauer was the director of the salt mines. He'd heard tales of his worker's ancestors, and was fascinated by them. Hoping to find some remnant of these ear

It is commonly believed that all life evolved from simple single celled organisms. From our single celled ancestors man has evolved to become the most advanced life form on the planet thanks in part to too the vast cognitive abilities of the brain. The human brain has allowed man to separate itself from the rest of the Earthly organisms through speech and manual dexterity. These two important distinctions have led to a rich collection of cultural artistry through paintings, sculpture, music and

Napoleon Bonaparte is considered by some a reformer and by others a monster, although all must agree that the emperor of France, and for sixteen years most of Europe, one of the greatest military and political geniuses of all time. Napoleon took advantage of every opportunity time after time. In November 1799, Napoleon joined with Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes and other plotters in designing a coup d'etat to overthrow the Directory of France. Quickly revising the Constitution, the plotters set up a

Charles De Montesquieu (1689-1755) Montesquieu was baptized Charles Louis de la Brede, taking his name from the estate given as his mothers dowry when she married Jacques de Secondat. He was born in La Brede, about ten miles from Bordeaux. When he was an infant he was placed under the care of a poor man's wife so he could see that the poor were his brothers. In 1700 he was sent to the college of the Oratorians at Juilly, near Meaux, where he studied classical letters, history, and the scienc

For 28 years, 15 feet of concrete, metal pipes, barbed wire, mines, and trenches spreading 110 miles divided a nation. Those living in the nation named the barrier Schandmauer, the Wall of Shame. We know it better as the Berlin Wall. SCHANDMAUER - Wall of Shame In addition to the many destructive factors which led to the wall's construction, including WWII, the Soviet Blockade, the Kennedy/Khruschev conflict, and opposing cold war views, the tragedy of the Berlin Wall's constr

Locke and Rousseau were two philosophers of the Enlightenment. Both wrote extensively and developed theories of the human nature and how men governed themselves. Both philosophers agree that before civilized man began to govern himself, man existed in a state of nature. That is, humans lacked society or structure. Rousseau argues that this was and still is the perfect state for man, where he is free, autonomous and virtuous. Government and civil society is developed only to protect property,

The great escape that Donald Woods pulled off was a great act of heroism. Woods risked his own and more importantly, his family's lives to escape South Africa and publish a book. His desire to publish this book and spread the word overcomes his desire for his family's safety. If I were in Wood's position, I would do exactly what Woods had done. What would take me over the edge to go after what Woods wanted to do would be the same as what Woods wanted. He wanted the entire world to know abo

The Age of Reason was a period in time that took place from the Peace of Utrecht (1713), to the French Revolution of 1789. It was a period when reason basically replaced religion as the guiding principle in art, thought, and the governance of men. Unquestioned acceptance of the old order of society and the old ways of statecraft yielded to a new spirit of critical inquiry which demanded some rational justification for the existing social system. People thought that the general application of

The Irish Republican Army Introduction The troubles currently plaguing the Island known as Ireland are by no means new. They lay deeply rooted in it's long and complicated history. Currently, the conflict is seen as the republicans and their belief that Ireland should be united and independant clashing with the people who live in what is known as Northern Ireland who are loyal to British rule. This is most definatly not the only issue, as many other factors such as religio