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Purgatory-Any condition or place of temporary suffering or punishment. Kino's people were happy and peaceful people. The ways that were supposedly better than the old ways changed Kino and his people's lives forever. Not black or white, but black and white. A heaven, a purgatory, and a hell, thrust into their lives, with no just "good" anymore. Hell. The root of all evil. A thing that Kino thought to be fine, only because it was a thing that he did not know and could not recognize.

Frivolous Frippery With the seventeenth century came a season of change, a sentiment of modernism. Along with these new "modern" ideas (which would become the forefathers of Enlightenment philosophy a century later) came a blatant rejection of traditional values and ideals. Naturally, this change of philosophy was reflected in the literature of the period, and many times this rejection of olden-day tradition was magnified and inflated into outright mockery and ridicule. Tartuffe, perhaps

Sula in Tony Morrison's Sula as a Defiant Self-Exile Morrison's Sula, features a protagonist who shares her name with the book who has the decided attitude not to form social bonds in the Bottom, a black district inside, Medallion. Sectioned into two parts, the book divides between Sula Peace's coming-of-age experience before she leaves the Bottom and her return to the Bottom as a mature woman. Sula's unusual exorbitance results from an eccentric upbringing that openly accepts and welcomes tra

Some people strive to make a name in this world for themselves. Most, who actually succeed, are forgotten about in a matter of years. However, some are remembered for tens, hundreds, and even thousands of years, because of their great intellectual achievement to feats of outstanding skill. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh achieves many feats of skill, which makes him famous, but that is not the reason it is an epic. The Epic of Gilgamesh fulfills the requirements of an epic by being consi

Struggle for Survival; The History of the Second World War, 1989 R.A.C. Parker R.A.C. Parker is Fellow, Tutor, and Praelector in Modern History at Queen's College, Oxford. Although Parker first had interests in English agricultural history his thoughts changed to the histories of the 1930's and 1940's, especially the origins of World War II./ Among Parker's other works are Chamberlain And Appeasement: British Policy And The Coming Of The Second World War, and Europe 1919-1945, which has been

"How Much Land Does A Man Need?" by Leo Tolstoy The Greed of Americans During Westward Expansion The story, "How Much Land Does a Man Need?", by Leo Tolstoy is a story about Americans taking advantage of the Indians. Although it is set in Russia, it is about the greed that many people had at the time and the outcome of that greed. The opening scene represents the Europeans coming over to America. During that time, the mid-1800's, the Europeans were rich and their relatives in America

Man Without A Face By Marcus Wolf Book Critique Secrecy, deception, role playing and above all loyalty to his cause, these qualities and many more are just a few required for a person named Markus Wolf to obtain the title "Man Without A Face." For almost twenty years Markus Wolf's life was so shrouded in secrecy that no one, not even western intelligence had any idea what he looked like, who he was and more so where he was. He directed agents who successfully infiltrated the West Ger

A Doll's House Nora is an enigmatic character, a chameleon. It is hard to say what exactly she is. Is she a empty-headed, silly child as she appears to be in the beginning? Is she a naive, young woman needing protection from a harsh world as Torvald perceives her? Or is she actually a very intelligent, underestimated, conniving but good-intentioned woman as she appears to be in the end of the book? Did she do anything wrong? In the beginning of the play, The Doll House, by Henrik Ibse

Lord Of The Flies vs. U.S.S.R leaders The events in Lord of the Flies seem to model what happened in the struggle for power in the U.S.S.R. in the mid-1920's. Both show what happens when dissension grows and people get desperate. There is an obvious battle between good and evil. In the beginning of the novel, there is one group, where all the boys essentially work together, and there is order and peace. As the book progresses, a split and this rift grows until there are two completely sepa

REINCARNATION, RESURRECTION AND CHRIST IMAGERY Golding creates the effect of reincarnation, resurrection and Christ imagery in this passage by the death of a character, Simon, and the resulting response of nature to this death. In this passage there are a lot of symbols of reincarnation, resurrection and Christ imagery. The word imagery in this passage and in the entire novel, Lord Of The Flies, presents the character, Simon, as a Christ figure that is going through a reincarnati