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93 THE PHILOSOPHY OF ART FROM HUME TO HEGEL Outline and Discuss Kant's conception of Genius As part of his Critique of the Aesthetic Judgement, Kant sets out to explain what constitutes a fine work of art, and in doing so he asserts that "fine arts must necessarily be regarded as arts of genius." (page 168, 'The Critique of Judgement', Immanuel Kant). He then goes on to justify this, and to explain what genius consists of, and how a work of genius is arrived at. Kant begins by s

One of the first and most persuasive advocates of modern capitalism was Adam Smith. The most serious challenge to Adam Smith and his followers came from Karl Marx, a nineteenth century German. The son of a Prussian lawyer, the methodical Marx was a worthy and resourceful opponent. He unfolded his economic theories in his monumental Das Kapital, a work on which he spent eighteen years of research and writing. Marx s main objection to the capitalistic system was that it was unfair to workers

What is enlightenment? Immanuel Kant attempts to clarify the meaning of enlightenment while composing the essay, “What is Enlightenment?”. This document was written in response to political and social changes brought about by King Frederick of Prussia. The goal of Kant’s essay was to discuss what the nature of enlightenment was. It also taught one how enlightenment can be brought about in the general public. Kant explains that, “enlightenment is man’s rel

Aristotle by Melanie Meyer February 14, 2000 Gene Bauer ECON 294: Microeconomics Table of Contents Biography 3 Works 3 Methods 4 Economics 4 Influence on Modern Economics 5 Bibliography 6 Aristotle Biography Aristotle was born in 384 BC, at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. At the age of 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He remained there for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347BC,

The Purpose of Politics from the Perspective of Plato and Aristotle To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of politics is to first examine each theory in depth. Many experts regard Plato as the first writer of political philosophy, and Aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist. These two men were great thinkers. They each had ideas of how to improve existing societies during their individual lifetimes. It is necessary to look at several areas of each t

People have always searched through manuals and consulted so-called "experts" to try and find meaning in their dreams. According to Lady Stern Robinson's, The Dreamer's Dictionary, to dream of a wedding predicts that one will have a happy but brief interlude. A dream of a watermelon is a warning against casual love affairs, and forecasts unexpected travel. Men and women throughout the ages have studied dreams. According to Webster's Dictionary dreams are defined as "states of consciousnes

Portrayal of Evil In the allegory The Faerie Queen, by Edmund Spenser, evil is depicted primarily as character. In Doctor Faustus, by Christopher Marlowe and Everyman written by an anonymous author, evil is depicted as an action. In The Faerie Queen, Spenser creates an allegory: The characters of his far-off, fanciful Faerie Land are meant to have a symbolic meaning in the real world. The main theme of Book I is the idea that our native virtue must be augmented or transformed if it is to

Plato's three main objections to poetry are that poetry is not ethical, philosophical or pragmatic. It is not ethical because it promotes undesirable passions, it is not philosophical because it does not provide true knowledge, and it is not pragmatic because it is inferior to the practical arts and therefore has no educational value. Plato then makes a challenge to poets to defend themselves against his criticisms. Ironically it was Plato's most famous student, Aristotle, who was the

The Republic is a philosophic work written by Plato in the form of a dialogue. It is an inquiry into the nature of justice and the organization of a perfect society or utopia. The work is a lengthy exposition of ideas in an attempt to combine rational, ethical, and religious principles. Morality, politics, knowledge, and metaphysics are four main topics discussed in The Republic to create Plato s perfect society. According to Plato, in the Republic an ideal state would consist of three cla

Kelley Rubben Dr. Marck L. Beggs, Director M.L.A. Program Admissions Essay January 6, 2001 What is Artistic Beauty? From the beginning of time, men and women have scrutinized, categorized, and compared components of their surroundings in an attempt to better understand their world. In the Bible’s Genesis account, Adam, seemingly in appreciation of Eve’s uniqueness and beauty, poetically proclaims her, “bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman,